Francisco Augusto Freitas
Francisco Augusto Freitas is Professor of Philosophy at the Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica of Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG) in Brazil. He graduated from the Universidade Federal of Espírito Santo (UFES) and earned his Master of Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art from the Universidade Federal of Minas Gerais (UFMG). He participates in the urban collective Instituto Candeias in São Paulo, organizing exhibitions, workshops and free courses. His current research interests are in the fields of art & technology, and urban development of megacities.
Articles of Francisco Augusto Freitas
Imagens da Pós-História: um diálogo entre Flusser e Benjamin
This paper intends to establish a dialogue between Vilém Flusser and Walter Benjamin, considering their similarities and their differences. First, this approximation is inscribed in the philosophy of language, in which both authors take the category of “nomination” as a primordial act. Second, their common interest in technology and media, as determining elements in modern society, leads to a fertile and critical discussion towards the concepts of “technological reproducibility” and “technical image”. Finally, and no less important, is the philosophy of history, in which their positions contrast: their concepts of “history” and “post-history” are defined by the opposition between continuity and discontinuity. According to Flusser, history is essentially linear. It starts with the invention of writing and ends with the invention of technical images in post-history, which is essentially discontinuous. Benjamin, on the other hand, declines the concept of history as continuity, and develops a model based upon the principle of “assemblage”, in which history and post-history are simultaneously embraced. Flusser’s concept of post-history, nevertheless, is similar to Benjamin’s concept of history in some aspects, mainly in their common emphasis upon technical images. The crucial difference between them lies in the word “post-history” (Nachgeschichte), or “posterior history”, which in Benjamin does not have the same substantive meaning Flusser gives it, nor does it designate a specific period.